Chandrayaan-3

Mission Chandrayaan-3

On Wednesday, India will attempt to make history by becoming the first nation to reach the southern pole of the moon. A robotic lunar lander called Chandrayaan-3, run by the Indian Space Agency, will make an attempt to land on the moon’s southern polar area at roughly 8:34 AM on Wednesday.

Chandrayaan-3

This project by the most populous nation in the world comes only a few days after a Russian spacecraft accidently crashed in the same area while performing a lunar ballet, resulting in a tragic mishap on the lunar surface. This defeat dealt Roscosmos, the Russian space agency, a serious blow.

India, which is vying to make a bigger effect on the universe through both public and commercial spending, may have achieved something substantial with the landing of Chandrayaan-3.

Only China, the former Soviet Union, and the United States have successfully conducted controlled or “soft” lunar landings throughout history.

Space agencies and researchers have been captivated by the moon’s southern pole for a long time because it is thought to hold more water ice in shadowed craters than other parts of the moon’s surface. The establishment of long-term human dwellings on the moon could therefore benefit from this region.

The Artemis III mission, which is part of NASA’s Artemis program to send men back to the moon, will touch down there in 2025.

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The race to the southern pole of the moon has involved India and Russia. The tragic Luna-25 spacecraft, a Russian lunar lander launched by the Russian space agency about 50 years ago, experienced an engine failure while preparing for landing and lost contact once it touched down on the moon’s surface.

The Chandrayaan-3 mission is intended to perform a number of scientific investigations on the lunar surface, including analyzing the mineralogy and seismic activity. The lander, which is about the size of a compact SUV, also has a small rover on board. The operating time of both solar-powered vehicles on the moon is two weeks.

India’s second attempt to touch down on the southern pole of the moon was Chandrayaan-3, which was launched into space on July 14. An earlier attempt in 2019 saw the successful deployment of a lunar orbiter, but the Chandrayaan-2 lander and rover met a tragic end on the lunar surface.

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